Development and validation of a quantitative LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of ceftolozane and tazobactam in human plasma and urine.

Development and validation of a quantitative LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of ceftolozane and tazobactam in human plasma and urine.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2020 Sep 02;1159:122354

Authors: Putnam WC, Kallem RR, Edpuganti V, Subramaniyan I, Hall RG

Abstract
The purpose of this work was to develop and validate a single sensitive, selective and rapid bioanalytical method to determine ceftolozane and tazobactam concentrations in human plasma and urine and to use this method to analyze samples from a human clinical study. Human plasma and urine samples were prepared by protein precipitation using a solution of acetonitrile, water and formic acid. Following protein precipitation, samples were analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Chromatographic resolution was achieved on a Kinetex PFP column using a gradient elution, a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min, and a total run time of 5 min. Positive electrospray ionization was employed and analytes were quantitated using multi-reaction monitoring mode. Method validation was conducted in accordance with Unites States Food and Drug Administration's regulatory guidelines for bioanalytical method validation. Calibration curves were determined to linear over the range of 0.1 to 40 µg/mL for ceftolozane and 0.05 to 20 µg/mL for tazobactam. The method was determined to be accurate (-6.24 to 12.53 percent relative error), precise (less than 13.28 percent standard deviation) and sensitive in both human plasma and urine. Ceftolozane and tazobactam were determined to be stable across a battery of stability studies including autosampler, benchtop, freeze/thaw and long-term stability. This validated method successfully applied to human clinical samples to determine the concentration versus time profiles of the intravenously administered combination of Zerbaxa (ceftolozane-tazobactam) in burn patients.

PMID: 32905989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]