Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Mar 30:S0141-8130(21)00724-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.03.178. Online ahead of print.
Most of the spray products in the market for wound healing applications are loaded with antibiotics that exert their antibacterial effect within the inflammatory stage of wound healing without demonstrating any effect in the subsequent proliferation stage. This study introduces a new aerosolized nanopowder (ANP) formula that not only exhibits antibacterial effect but also antioxidant and enhanced cell proliferation effects. Within the introduced ANP formula, Avicenna marina (Am) extract and neomycin (NM) antibiotic have been loaded within silk-fibroin nanoparticles (FB NPs). The Am has been extracted via different solvent systems, and investigated for its antioxidant and antibacterial activity as well as its ability to enhance cell proliferation. The physicochemical properties, size, zeta-potential and morphology of the prepared Am/FB NPs, NM/FB NPs and ANP formula were investigated. Besides, the ANP formula exhibited good antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin resistant S. aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Resistant P. aeruginosa. Scratch wound healing assay on human fibroblast monolayers demonstrated 100% wound closure after 24 h upon using the ANP formula as compared to 70% wound closure for positive control (NM). The wound healing ability of the ANP formula has been further confirmed by histopathological evaluation of the wound site and depicted a marked increase in fibroblast proliferation and reduction of inflammatory cells after 15 days with a complete wound closure as compared to controls. The obtained results prove the beneficial effects of the Am extract on wound healing and introduce the developed multitask nanopowder formula as a potential wound healing spray.