Diagnostic surveillance by Candida albicans germ tube antibody in intensive care unit patients.

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Diagnostic surveillance by Candida albicans germ tube antibody in intensive care unit patients.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2019 Mar 11;:

Authors: Trovato L, Astuto M, Castiglione G, Scalia G, Oliveri S

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of Invasive Candidiasis (IC) presents serious problems, mainly associated with the absence of pathognomonic symptoms of the disease and the difficulty of isolating the fungus in blood culture. Candida albicans germ tube antibody (CAGTA) provides a rapid and simple test for diagnosis of IC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic role of the CAGTA in the monitoring of critically-ill patients at risk of developing IC.
METHODS: During diagnostic surveillance in the intensive care units (ICU) CAGTA was performed twice a week if predetermined risk factors were present and a positive result was considered when a serum titer ≥1/160 was detected in at least one sample.
RESULTS: Seventy critically ill patients were included in the study. Twenty-three patients with proven/probable IC were identified. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of CAGTA for the diagnosis of proven/probable IC in all 70 patients were 91.3%, 68.1%, 58.3%, and 94.1%, respectively. Statistically significant highest titers were found in patients with proven/probable IC as well as increasing titers more than 1/160.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that detection of CAGTA could be a useful biomarker for the diagnosis of proven and probable IC in critical patients during prolonged ICU stay. During the monitoring it is opportune to evaluate the titers kinetics since the clinical diagnosis of proven/probable IC coincided with increase titer from negative (<1/160) to more than 1/160.

PMID: 30902614 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]