Differential methylation of the circular DNA in geminiviral minichromosomes.
Virology. 2016 Oct 4;499:243-258
Authors: Deuschle K, Kepp G, Jeske H
Geminiviral minichromosomes were purified to explore epigenetic modifications. The levels of methylation in their covalently closed circular DNA were examined with the help of methylation-dependent restriction (MdR). DNA with 12 superhelical turns was preferentially modified, indicating minichromosomes with 12 nucleosomes leaving an open gap. MdR digestion yielded a specific product of genomic length, which was cloned and Sanger-sequenced, or amplified following ligation-mediated rolling circle amplification and deep-sequenced (circomics). The conventional approach revealed a single cleavage product indicating specific methylations at the borders of the common region. The circomics approach identified considerably more MdR sites in a preferential distance to each other of ~200 nts, which is the DNA length in a nucleosome. They accumulated in regions of nucleosome-free gaps, but scattered also along the genomic components. These results may hint at a function in specific gene regulation, as well as in virus resistance.
PMID: 27716464 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]