J Nat Prod. 2021 Mar 8. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.0c01182. Online ahead of print.
Twenty-nine dihydro-β-agarofuran-type sesquiterpenoids, including 17 new and 12 known compounds, were obtained from the seeds of Celastrus virens. The structures of the new isolates were characterized by spectroscopic methods and X-ray diffraction analysis. Among these, 20 sesquiterpenoids were evaluated for their multidrug resistance (MDR) reversal activity against the KB/VCR cell line. As a result, compounds 6 and 8 were found to exhibit MDR-reversal activity of more than 10-fold at a concentration of 2 μM, and the reversal fold (RF) ratios of compounds 19, 21, and 24 were >97.9 at a 20 μM nontoxic concentration level.