J Med Chem. 2021 Sep 21. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.1c01452. Online ahead of print.
The major drawbacks of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors at the clinical stage make the development of new P-gp inhibitors challenging and desirable. In this study, we reported our structure-activity relationship studies of 4-indolyl quinazoline, which led to the discovery of a highly effective and orally active P-gp inhibitor, YS-370. YS-370 effectively reversed multidrug resistance (MDR) to paclitaxel and colchicine in SW620/AD300 and HEK293T-ABCB1 cells. YS-370 bound directly to P-gp, did not alter expression or subcellular localization of P-gp in SW620/AD300 cells, but increased the intracellular accumulation of paclitaxel. Furthermore, YS-370 stimulated the P-gp ATPase activity and had moderate inhibition against CYP3A4. Significantly, oral administration of YS-370 in combination with paclitaxel achieved much stronger antitumor activity in a xenograft model bearing SW620/Ad300 cells than either drug alone. Taken together, our data demonstrate that YS-370 is a promising P-gp inhibitor capable of overcoming MDR and represents a unique scaffold for the development of new P-gp inhibitors.