Disseminate fungal infection after acute pancreatitis in a simultaneous pancreas-kidney recipient.

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Disseminate fungal infection after acute pancreatitis in a simultaneous pancreas-kidney recipient.

J Transplant. 2010;2010:898245

Authors: Rossetto A, Baccarani U, Lorenzin D, Risaliti A, Viale P, Bresadola V, Adani GL

Abstract
Fungal infections after kidney transplantation are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and Candida infection of the pancreas is considered an infrequent but important agent in necrotizing pancreatitis. We report the case of a 43-year-old Caucasian patient who underwent simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation because of diabetes type I, and chronic renal failure with peritoneal dialysis. The postoperative course was complicated by acute pancreatitis due to the thrombosis of the splenic artery of the graft, the subsequent acute rupture of the external iliac artery caused by fungal arteritis (Candida glabrata), and peritonitis a few days later caused by sigmoid perforation with detection of Candida glabrata infection of the resected intestinal tract. The present case remarks that awareness and prevention of fungal infection are major issues in the transplant field. Important information can be added by systematic culture of conservation perfusates but, probably, the best way for early recognition of a critical level of infectious risk remains the routine application of the colonization index screening. In cases of positive results, preemptive antifungal therapy could be warranted.

PMID: 20628506 [PubMed]