Antibiotics (Basel). 2021 Apr 26;10(5):492. doi: 10.3390/antibiotics10050492.
The emergence and spread of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) represent a major clinical problem and raise serious health concerns. The present study aimed to investigate and ascertain the occurrence of CRE among hospitalized patients of Mohamed VI University Hospital, Marrakech, Morocco. Biological samples were collected over a one-year period (2018). The bacterial isolates were identified by MALDI-TOF-MS. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed using disc diffusion and Etest. The modified Hodge test and combined disc diffusion test were used for phenotypic detection. CRE hydrolyzing enzyme encoding genes: blaOXA-48, blaKPC, blaIMP, blaVIM, and blaNDM were characterized by PCR and DNA sequencing. In total, 131 non-duplicate CRE clinical strains resistant to Ertapenem were isolated out of 1603 initial Enterobacteriaceae. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common species (59%), followed by Enterobacter cloacae (24%), E. coli (10%), Citrobacter freundii (3%), Klebsiellaoxycota (2%), Serratia marcescens (1%), and Citrobacter braakii (1%). Of these, 56.49%, 21.37%, 15.27%, 3.38%, and 3.05% were collected from blood, urine, pus, catheters and respiratory samples, respectively. Approximately 85.5% (112/131) of the isolates were carbapenemase producers (40 blaOXA-48, 27 blaNDM, 38 blaOXA-48 + blaNDM and 7 blaVIM). All metallo-β-lactamases isolates were NDM-1 and VIM-1 producers. This is the first documentation of blaOXA-48 genes from C. freundii and C. braakii in Morocco.