Distribution of fluconazole-resistant Candida bloodstream isolates among hospitals and inpatient services in Israel.

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Distribution of fluconazole-resistant Candida bloodstream isolates among hospitals and inpatient services in Israel.

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2012 Aug 30;

Authors: Ben-Ami R, Rahav G, Elinav H, Kassis I, Shalit I, Gottesman T, Megged O, Weinberger M, Ciobotaro P, Shitrit P, Weber G, Paz A, Miron D, Oren I, Bishara J, Block C, Keller N, Kontoyiannis DP, Giladi M, for the Israeli Candidaemia Study Group

Abstract
Clin Microbiol Infect ABSTRACT: The emergence of fluconazole-resistant Candida (FRC) is worrisome, but little is known about susceptibility patterns in different nosocomial settings. We prospectively analysed Candida bloodstream isolates in 18 medical centres in Israel (six tertiary-care and 12 community hospitals). The study included 444 episodes of candidaemia (450 patient-specific isolates, 8.5% fluconazole-resistant). Institutional FRC bloodstream infection rates correlated with annual inpatient days, and were strongly associated with the presence and activity of haematology/oncology services. Infection with Candida krusei and fluconazole-resistant Candida glabrata occurred exclusively in hospitals with >600 beds. These findings suggest that empirical antifungal strategies should be tailored to the nosocomial setting.

PMID: 23005038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]