Diversity of multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii population in a major hospital in Kuwait.

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Diversity of multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii population in a major hospital in Kuwait.

Front Microbiol. 2015;6:743

Authors: Vali L, Dashti K, Opazo-Capurro AF, Dashti AA, Al Obaid K, Evans BA

Abstract
Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important opportunistic pathogens that causes serious health care associated complications in critically ill patients. In the current study we report on the diversity of the clinical multi-drug resistant (MDR) A. baumannii in Kuwait by molecular characterization. One hundred A. baumannii were isolated from one of the largest governmental hospitals in Kuwait. Following the identification of the isolates by molecular methods, the amplified bla OXA-51-like gene product of one isolate (KO-12) recovered from blood showed the insertion of the ISAba19 at position 379 in bla OXA-78. Of the 33 MDR isolates, 28 (85%) contained bla OXA-23, 2 (6%) bla OXA-24 and 6 (18%) bla PER-1 gene. We did not detect bla OXA-58, bla VIM, bla IMP, bla GES, bla VEB, and bla NDM genes in any of the tested isolates. In three bla PER-1 positive isolates the genetic environment of bla PER-1 consisted of two copies of ISPa12 (tnpiA1) surrounding the bla PER-1 gene on a highly stable plasmid of ca. 140-kb. Multilocus-sequence typing (MLST) analysis of the 33 A. baumannii isolates identified 20 different STs, of which six (ST-607, ST-608, ST-609, ST-610, ST-611, and ST-612) were novel. Emerging STs such as ST15 (identified for the first time in the Middle East), ST78 and ST25 were also detected. The predominant clonal complex was CC2. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and MLST defined the MDR isolates as multi-clonal with diverse lineages. Our results lead us to believe that A. baumannii is diverse in clonal origins and/or is undergoing clonal expansion continuously while multiple lineages of MDR A. baumannii circulate in hospital ward simultaneously.

PMID: 26257720 [PubMed]