Drug-drug interaction between isavuconazole and tacrolimus: a case report indicating the need for tacrolimus drug-level monitoring.

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Drug-drug interaction between isavuconazole and tacrolimus: a case report indicating the need for tacrolimus drug-level monitoring.

J Clin Pharm Ther. 2015 Aug 6;

Authors: Kim T, Jancel T, Kumar P, Freeman AF

Abstract
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Despite the known significant drug-drug interaction between isavuconazole and tacrolimus, there are no recommendations on dose adjustment when these drugs are given concomitantly. We report on a patient with a mediastinal Aspergillus fumigatus infection resistant to posaconazole and describe how she was successfully managed with tacrolimus therapeutic drug-level monitoring.
CASE SUMMARY: Our patient presented with a mediastial Aspergillus fumigatus infection, 2 years after lung transplantation. A. fumigatus was resistant to posaconazole, and the patient had intolerance to voriconazole shown by elevated transaminases. The patient was given isavuconazole with drug-level monitoring. She was managed successfully with no adverse events. Tacrolimus concentration continued to increase after more than 2 weeks of therapy and required a further reduction to 72% of the usual dose to maintain the target concentrations over a 8-week period.
WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: When isavuconazole is given to patients on tacrolimus, the dose of the latter will need considerable reduction. We would suggest an initial 50% reduction and recommend close weekly monitoring of tacrolimus concentration. Further dose decreases of 25-50% may be required.

PMID: 26248976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]