Drug resistant Tuberculosis: A review.

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Drug resistant Tuberculosis: A review.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 16;74:101574

Authors: Khawbung JL, Nath D, Chakraborty S

Abstract
Tuberculosis (TB) was announced as a global emergency in 1993. There was an alarming counter attack of TB worldwide. However, when it was known that TB can be cured completely, the general public became ignorant towards the infection. The pathogenic organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis continuously evolved to resist the antagonist drugs. This has led to the outbreak of resistant strain that gave rise to "Multi Drug Resistant-Tuberculosis" and "Extensively Drug Resistant Tuberculosis" that can still be cured with a lower success rate. While the mechanism of resistance proceeds further, it ultimately causes unmanageable totally drug resistant TB (TDR-TB). Studying the molecular mechanisms underlying the resistance to drugs would help us grasp the genetics and pathophysiology of the disease. In this review, we present the molecular mechanisms behind Mycobacterium tolerance to drugs and their approach towards the development of multi-drug resistant, extremely drug resistant and totally drug resistant TB.

PMID: 33249329 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]