Early tracheostomy in stroke patients: A meta-analysis and comparison with late tracheostomy

Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2021 Feb 10;203:106554. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2021.106554. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Tracheostomy (TQT) timing and its benefits is a current discussion in medical society. We aimed to compare the outcomes of early (ET) versus late tracheostomy (LT) in stroke patients with systematic review and meta-analysis, according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline. Five hundred and nineteen studies were retrieved, whereas three were selected for the systematic review and meta-analysis. There were 5636 patients in the ET group (3151 male, 2470 female, 15 not reported - NR) and 7637 patients in the LT group (4098 male, 3542 female, and 33 NR). ET was significantly associated with fewer days in the hospital (weighted mean difference: -7.73 [95 % CI -8.59-6.86], p < 0.001) and reduced cases of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) (risk difference: 0.71 [95 % CI 0.62-0.81], p < 0.001). There were no between-group statistical differences in intensive care unit stay duration, mechanical ventilation duration, or mortality. The findings from this meta-analysis cannot state that ET in severe stroke patients contributes to better outcomes when compared with LT. Scandalized assessments and randomized trials are encourage for better assessment.

PMID:33607581 | DOI:10.1016/j.clineuro.2021.106554