Medicina (Kaunas). 2021 Apr 2;57(4):343. doi: 10.3390/medicina57040343.
Background and Objectives: The multidrug resistant (MDR) bacterial pathogenic infection is one of the chief worldwide public health threat to humanity. The development of novel antibiotics against MDR Gram negative bacteria has reduced over the last half century. Research is in progress regarding the treatment strategies that could be engaged in combination with antibiotics to extend the duration of these life-saving antibacterial agents. The current study was therefore planned to assess the synergistic effects of bovine lactoferrin (bLF) in combination with different antibiotics that are conventionally used. This synergism would provide a newer therapeutic choice against MDR pathogens. LF is present in mucosal secretions, vastly in milk. LF is considered an important constituent in host defense. In previous reports, LF has been co-administered as a combination antibiotic therapy. Materials and Methods: This study included synergistic (LF + appropriate antibiotic) exposure against 147 locally encountered bacterial pathogens, which were completely characterized strains. The anti-biofilm effects and the outcome of bLF on minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibacterials on clinical MDR bacterial pathogens were determined by standard techniques. Results: In our study, synergism of bLF with antibacterial agents were reproducible and found to be significant. LF on its own had an important effect of inhibiting the biofilm production of some significant bacterial pathogens. Conclusion: The results of this study provides useful data on the antibacterial potential of the combination of LF with antibiotics against drug resistant pathogens.