Effective antimicrobial activity of rifabutin against multidrug-resistant Helicobacter pylori.

Icon for Wiley Related Articles

Effective antimicrobial activity of rifabutin against multidrug-resistant Helicobacter pylori.

Helicobacter. 2018 Sep 19;:e12531

Authors: Siavoshi F, Saniee P, Malekzadeh R

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori resistance to more than one antibiotic is the main reason for failure in bacterial eradication in a considerable number of patients. Rifabutin (RFB) with a broad-spectrum of antimicrobial therapy has been suggested for treatment of refractory multidrug-resistant infections.
METHODS: Helicobacter pylori isolates from 104 patients were examined for resistance to 5 currently used antibiotics and RFB, using agar dilution method. Twofold serial dilutions of antibiotics were used and MICs (μg/mL) determined as metronidazole (MTZ 8), clarithromycin (CLR 2), amoxicillin (AMX 1), tetracycline (TET 0.5), furazolidone (FRZ 0.5), and RFB (0.06).
RESULTS: Of 104 H. pylori isolates, only 7 (6.7%) were sensitive to all the 6 antibiotics. However, 30 (28.8%) were resistant to one antibiotic, 28 (26.9%) to two, 19 (18.2%) to three, 14 (13.4%) to four, and 6 (5.7%) to five currently used antibiotics. Overall, 67(64.4%) of isolates were resistant to 2-5 currently used antibiotics and considered as multidrug-resistant (MDR), with 59 (88.1%) showing sensitivity to RFB and 8 (11.9%) resistance (P < 0.05). Of 33 isolates resistant to both MTZ and CLR, 25 (75.7%) were sensitive to RFB and 8 (24.3%) resistant (P < 0.05).
DISCUSSION: In vitro antimicrobial effectiveness of RFB on MDR H. pylori including those with resistance to both MTZ and CLR was demonstrated. However, RFB efficacy decreased as the number of antibiotics responsible for MDR increased. Considering that RFB inhibits both extra- and intracellular H. pylori, it can be suggested as an effective antibiotic against of MDR H. pylori.

PMID: 30230637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]