Effects of Streptococcus salivarius K12 with nystatin on oral candidiasis - RCT.
Oral Dis. 2019 Jun 08;:
Authors: Hu LJ, Mao QH, Zhou PR, Lv X, Hua H, Yan ZM
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Streptococcus salivarius K12 as an adjuvant in treating oral candidiasis.
METHODS: 56 patients were participated the randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled clinical trial. The S. salivarius K12 or placebo lozenges plus nystatin tablets were given for up to 4 weeks at 1-week interval and then followed up for 1 week thereafter. We collected and analyzed the mycological and clinical data, treatment course, and safety data.
RESULTS: At the end of the treatment, significant differences were found in the mycological cure rates between K12 group and control group (90.48% and 55.56%, respectively, P=0.008). Survival analysis demonstrated no statistically difference in overall cure rates comprehensively considering mycological cure, clinical improvement and recurrence (P=0.078), while statistically difference was found in mycological cure (P=0.013) between the two groups. The median treatment courses of K12 group and control group were 3 weeks and 4 weeks, respectively. No severe events were reported during the study.
CONCLUSION: S. salivarius K12 exhibited potential efficacy and safety as an adjuvant in treating oral candidiasis by enhancing mycological cure and shortening the treatment course of conventional antifungal therapy in this randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled clinical trial. Further large-scale clinical studies are desired to accumulate more evidence for its clinical applications. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
PMID: 31177581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]