Effects of various wound dressings on microbial growth in perfused equine musculocutaneous flaps

Am J Vet Res. 2021 Mar;82(3):189-197. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.82.3.189.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of multiple wound dressings on microbial growth in a perfused equine wound model.

SAMPLE: Abdominal musculocutaneous flaps from 16 equine cadavers.

PROCEDURES: 8 full-thickness skin wound covered were created in each flap. Tissues were perfused with saline (0.9% NaCl) solution. Wounds were inoculated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or Pseudomonas aeruginosa (106 CFUs), incubated, and covered with a dressing containing activated charcoal, boric acid, cadexomer iodine, calcium alginate, manuka honey, nanoparticle silver, or polyhexamethylene biguanide or with a control (nonadherent gauze) dressing. Muscle biopsy specimens were obtained at baseline (immediately prior to dressing application) and 6, 12, 18, and 24 hours later for mean bacterial load (MBL) determination. The MBLs at each subsequent time point were compared with that at baseline within dressing types, and MBLs at each time point were compared among dressing types.

RESULTS: MBLs in MRSA-inoculated wounds covered with cadexomer iodine dressings were significantly decreased from baseline at the 6- and 12-hour time points. For P aeruginosa-inoculated wounds, MBLs were significantly increased from baseline in all wounds at various times except for wounds with cadexomer iodine dressings. The MBLs of wounds with cadexomer iodine dressings were lower than all others, although not always significantly different from those for wounds with boric acid, manuka honey, nanoparticle silver, and polyhexamethylene biguanide dressings.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In this nonviable perfused wound model, growth of MRSA and P aeruginosa was most effectively reduced or inhibited by cadexomer iodine dressings. These results and the effect of the dressings on wound healing should be confirmed with in vivo studies.

PMID:33629894 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.3.189