J Antimicrob Chemother. 2021 Jul 5:dkab206. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkab206. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: CF-296 is a lysin in pre-clinical development for the treatment of MSSA and MRSA infections, used in addition to standard-of-care (SOC) antibiotics. We evaluated the efficacy of CF-296 alone and in addition to daptomycin or vancomycin against Staphylococcus aureus in the neutropenic mouse thigh infection model.
METHODS: Eight isolates (one MSSA and seven MRSA) were studied. Mice were administered five CF-296 monotherapy doses ranging from 0.5 to 50 mg/kg intravenously. To assess adjunctive therapy, mice received sub-therapeutic daptomycin alone, sub-therapeutic vancomycin alone, or the five CF-296 doses in addition to either daptomycin or vancomycin.
RESULTS: Relative to starting inoculum (5.80 ± 0.31 log10 cfu/thigh), bacterial density in vehicle controls increased by +2.49 ± 0.98 across all eight strains. Relative to 24 h controls, a dose-response in bacterial killing (range -0.22 ± 0.87 to -2.01 ± 1.71 log10 cfu/thigh) was observed with increasing CF-296 monotherapy against the eight isolates. Daptomycin and vancomycin resulted in -1.36 ± 0.77 and -1.37 ± 1.01 log10 cfu/thigh bacteria reduction, respectively, relative to 24 h controls. Escalating CF-296 exposures (0.5-50 mg/kg) in addition to daptomycin resulted in an enhanced dose-response, ranging from bacterial killing of -0.69 to -2.13 log10 cfu/thigh, relative to daptomycin alone. Similarly, in addition to vancomycin, escalating CF-296 exposures resulted in bacterial reduction ranging from -1.37 to -2.29 log10 cfu/thigh, relative to vancomycin alone.
CONCLUSIONS: Relative to SOC antibiotics (daptomycin or vancomycin), addition of CF-296 resulted in robust and enhanced antibacterial dose-response, achieving ≥1 log10 cfu/thigh decrease across most doses, highlighting a potential role for CF-296 adjunctive therapy against MSSA and MRSA isolates.