Emergence of a multidrug-resistant ST 27 Escherichia coli co-harboring blaNDM-1, mcr-1, and fosA3 from a patient in China.

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Emergence of a multidrug-resistant ST 27 Escherichia coli co-harboring blaNDM-1, mcr-1, and fosA3 from a patient in China.

J Antibiot (Tokyo). 2020 Apr 27;:

Authors: Tian X, Fang R, Wu Q, Zheng X, Zhao Y, Dong G, Wang C, Zhou T, Cao J

Abstract
In this study, we report a clinical isolate of a carbapenem-, colistin-, and fosfomycin-resistant Escherichia coli isolate DC-3737 co-harboring blaNDM-1, mcr-1, and fosA3 from an inpatient in China. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing, polymerase chain reaction, multi-locus sequence typing, conjugation experiment, and Southern blot hybridization were performed on E. coli DC-3737 isolated from the wound. Plasmid analysis is presented and the locations of blaNDM-1, mcr-1, fosA3, and other resistance genes were identified as well. E. coli DC-3737 was resistant to ampicillin, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, gentamicin, tobramycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, imipenem, meropenem, ertapenem, fosfomycin and colistin, and with intermediate susceptibility to amikacin. It was typed as sequence type 27. The isolate possessed blaNDM-1, mcr-1, fosA3, blaCTX-M-9, blaTEM-1, aac (6')-Ib-cr and sul1 simultaneously. In addition, the mutations in quinolone resistance-determinant regions (QRDRs) such as Ser83Leu and Asp87Asn in gyrA, and Ser80Ile in parC were detected. Conjugation assays revealed that blaNDM-1, fosA3, sul1, mcr-1, and blaCTX-M-9 genes could successfully transfer their resistance phenotype to E. coli strain J53. Plasmid analysis and Southern hybridization showed that DC-3737 possessed Z-type self-transmissible plasmid bearing blaNDM-1, fosA3, and sul1. Moreover, mcr-1, blaCTX-M-9, and blaTEM-1 were located on a ~60-kb IncFIB type self-transmissible plasmid. This is the first report of blaNDM-1, mcr-1 and fosA3 co-harboring in E. coli in China. Moreover, it is also the first description of the co-harboring of blaNDM and fosA3 in a single Z plasmid in Enterobacteriaceae species. The identification of E. coli DC-3737 co-harboring blaNDM-1, mcr-1, and fosA3 in this study highlights the need to increase epidemiologic surveillance and the need for new classes of antibiotics to address multidrug-resistant bacteria.

PMID: 32341508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]