Emergence of Multidrug-Resistant New Delhi Metallo-β-Lactamase-1-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Egypt.
Microb Drug Resist. 2016 Aug 30;
Authors: Khalil MA, Elgaml A, El-Mowafy M
Despite expansion of the New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) worldwide, the incident of outbreaks regarding Egypt is still uncommon. In this survey, we denounce the emanation of multidrug-resistant NDM-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Egypt. We have reclaimed 46 unrepeatable carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae isolates at El-demerdash hospital, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. All the isolates showed a decreased sensitivity to imipenem and meropenem via the disc diffusion method. Among the isolates, 10 were proven as NDM-1 producers by utilizing the phenotypic methods (modified Hodge test and EDTA synergistic test) and specific PCR detection of NDM-1 encoding gene, blaNDM-1. The isolates hosting the blaNDM-1 showed an elevated resistance to several classes of β-lactam and non β-lactam antibiotics. All blaNDM-1-harboring isolates have showed positivity for one or more other plasmid-mediated bla genes; in addition, the isolates carried class 1 integron. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR results revealed that majority of the isolates, including the NDM-1 producers, are unrelated to each other. This highlights the danger of horizontal transfer of plasmids encoding for such carbapenemases, including NDM-1, between the isolates of K. pneumoniae. In summary, this study has confirmed the incidence of blaNDM-1 together with other bla genes among the K. pneumoniae isolates in Egypt. Control and prevention of infection can be achieved through early detection of resistance genes among bacterial isolates; through limiting the dispersal of these organisms.
PMID: 27575913 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]