JAC Antimicrob Resist. 2020 Oct 5;2(3):dlaa081. doi: 10.1093/jacamr/dlaa081. eCollection 2020 Sep.
BACKGROUND: In addition to carbapenemases, dissemination of recently reported Escherichia coli lineages possessing a four amino acid insertion in PBP3 (encoded by ftsI) that confers reduced susceptibility to PBP3-targeted β-lactams, such as ceftazidime, can pose a threat of antimicrobial resistance.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of E. coli possessing the mutated PBP3 collected during SIDERO-WT-2014 surveillance.
METHODS: A subset of 65 E. coli clinical isolates with MICs ≥2 mg/L for ceftazidime/avibactam, ceftolozane/tazobactam or cefiderocol, among a total of 1529 isolates from the multinational surveillance study, were subjected to gene analysis and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Isogenic PBP3 mutants were constructed to confirm experimentally an impact on antimicrobial susceptibility.
RESULTS: Eleven strains possessing a YRIN-inserted PBP3 were identified, consisting of nine strains collected from the same hospital in Turkey (ST1284) and one each from the USA and Italy (ST361). Strains associated with each ST lineage possessed similar genetic backgrounds including β-lactamase genotypes; all nine strains from Turkey carried CMY-42, OXA-1 and the OXA-181 carbapenemase (five strains additionally carried CTX-M-15 ESBL), whereas the two other strains carried CMY-42 and TEM-1, indicating dissemination driven by selective pressure. The presence of the YRIN insertion contributed to reduced susceptibility to aztreonam, ceftazidime, cefepime and ceftolozane/tazobactam, although the strains remained susceptible to ceftazidime/avibactam despite relatively high MICs.
CONCLUSIONS: E. coli strains of both ST1284 and ST361 lineages, possessing YRIN-inserted PBP3, are disseminating in several regions. The YRIN insertion in PBP3 occurred with multiple β-lactamases, which indicates frequent cross-resistance to other β-lactams.