JAC Antimicrob Resist. 2021 Jun 14;3(2):dlab081. doi: 10.1093/jacamr/dlab081. eCollection 2021 Jun.
OBJECTIVES: Over recent years, France has experienced an increase of infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative (GN) pathogens. Cefiderocol is approved in Europe for the treatment of aerobic GN infections in adults with limited treatment options. This study evaluated the in vitro activity of cefiderocol and comparators against GN clinical isolates from France.
METHODS: MICs were determined by broth microdilution, according to International Organization for Standardization guidelines. Cefiderocol was tested using iron-depleted CAMHB. Susceptibility rates were based on EUCAST breakpoints. In the absence of a species-specific breakpoint, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic breakpoints were used.
RESULTS: Of 2027 isolates, 1344 (66.3%) were Enterobacterales and 683 (33.7%) were non-fermenters. The most common pathogen was Pseudomonas aeruginosa (16.8%), followed by Escherichia coli (16.0%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (13.1%), Acinetobacter baumannii (7.9%) and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (5.1%). Isolates represented a range of infection sources including nosocomial pneumonia (33.6%), complicated urinary tract infection (24.3%), bloodstream infection (13.1%) and complicated intra-abdominal infection (18.0%). In total, 135/2027 (6.7%) isolates were meropenem resistant (MIC >8 mg/L); 133/135 (98.5%) were non-fermenters. Overall, 1330/1344 (99.0%) Enterobacterales and 681/683 (99.7%) non-fermenters were cefiderocol susceptible, including 100% of meropenem-resistant S. maltophilia (n = 98) and P. aeruginosa (n = 18) isolates. Susceptibility to cefiderocol was significantly higher (P < 0.01) in nosocomial pneumonia isolates (681/682 [99.9%]) than susceptibility to meropenem (586/682 [85.9%]), ceftolozane/tazobactam (593/682 [87.0%]), ceftazidime/avibactam (612/682 [89.7%]) and colistin (538/682 [78.9%]).
CONCLUSIONS: Cefiderocol demonstrated high in vitro susceptibility rates against a wide range of Gram-negative pathogens, including meropenem-resistant strains, and was significantly more active than comparators against pneumonia isolates.