Microb Drug Resist. 2021 Mar 9. doi: 10.1089/mdr.2020.0379. Online ahead of print.
Trimethoprim-/sulfamethoxazole-resistant small colony variants (SCVs) of Staphylococcus aureus, which are selected by use of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, are involved in intractable biofilm-forming infection. This study aimed to determine the biofilm formation ability in trimethoprim-/sulfamethoxazole-resistant SCVs of S. aureus and investigate the bactericidal activity of differential antimicrobial agents to its biofilm-forming S. aureus. Between 32 S. aureus wild type (WT) and 32 SCVs selected from its WT, the amount of formed biofilm was compared. Vancomycin, daptomycin, rifampicin, and minocycline were exposed to biofilm-forming S. aureus to determine viable bacterial counts and its susceptibility. The biofilm-producing quantify of SCVs was approximately twice that formed by its WT. Vancomycin and daptomycin reduce 4 logs the bacterial counts of biofilm-forming WT at 24 hours, but did not affect SCVs. Rifampicin and minocycline considerably decreased both WT and SCVs; however, both bacterial counts recovered to an initial number 48 hours later. These survival strains showed resistance to each drug, and rpoB mutation or tet38 mRNA overexpression was confirmed.