Esophageal Candidiasis as the Initial Manifestation of Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

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Esophageal Candidiasis as the Initial Manifestation of Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Intern Med. 2015;54(23):3087-92

Authors: Komeno Y, Uryu H, Iwata Y, Hatada Y, Sakamoto J, Iihara K, Ryu T

Abstract
A 47-year-old woman presented with persistent dysphagia. A gastroendoscopy revealed massive esophageal candidiasis, and oral miconazole was prescribed. Three weeks later, she returned to our hospital without symptomatic improvement. She was febrile, and blood tests showed leukocytosis (137,150 /μL, blast 85%), anemia and thrombocytopenia. She was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). She received chemotherapy and antimicrobial agents. During the recovery from the nadir, bilateral ocular candidiasis was detected, suggesting the presence of preceding candidemia. Thus, esophageal candidiasis can be an initial manifestation of AML. Thorough examination to detect systemic candidiasis is strongly recommended when neutropenic patients exhibit local candidiasis prior to chemotherapy.

PMID: 26631899 [PubMed - in process]