home Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis Evaluation of telavancin susceptibility in isolates of Staphylococcus aureus with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin.

Evaluation of telavancin susceptibility in isolates of Staphylococcus aureus with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin.

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Evaluation of telavancin susceptibility in isolates of Staphylococcus aureus with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2019 Aug 24;:

Authors: McMullen AR, Lainhart W, Wallace MA, Shupe A, Burnham CD

Abstract
Historically, vancomycin has been considered a primary therapeutic option for treating infections with Staphylococcus aureus, but isolates with reduced vancomycin susceptibility (SA-RVS) (MIC ≥ 4 μg/mL) have emerged. Telavancin, a semisynthetic lipoglycopeptide, is an alternative treatment option for S. aureus, but data examining telavancin activity against SA-RVS are limited. In the present study, we characterize 300 isolates of S. aureus isolates (50 vancomycin-susceptible (VSSA) isolates and 250 SA-RVS isolates) from a large tertiary care, academic medical center, 51.8% of which were methicillin resistant (MRSA). Sixteen (6.4%) SA-RVS isolates were non-susceptible to telavancin, whereas all VSSA isolates were susceptible. Additionally, 3.6% of SA-RVS isolates were non-susceptible to daptomycin, with three (1.2%) isolates testing non-susceptible to both telavancin and daptomycin. When tested against other classes of antimicrobials, there were no statistical differences in susceptibility of VSSA and SA-RVS isolates, except for the fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin). Molecular characterization of the isolates showed that SCCmec types II and IV together represented over half of the SA-RVS isolates; 12.0% of the VSSA isolates were SCCmec type II. Using RepPCR, we detected 16 distinct strain types in this isolate collection, and tst-1 (gene encoding the Staphylococcus toxic shock syndrome super-antigen) carriage was low (5.4%). Overall, we show that in addition to reduced vancomycin susceptibility, a small, but clinically significant, proportion of SA-RVS isolates also demonstrate reduced susceptibility to both telavancin and daptomycin.

PMID: 31446513 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]