Nanomedicine. 2021 Jul 1:102428. doi: 10.1016/j.nano.2021.102428. Online ahead of print.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), caused by Candida albicans, is a common infection in women affecting their quality of life. Standard antifungal drugs (e.g., fluconazole, itraconazole) are typically fungistatic or rendered ineffective due to drug resistance indicating an urgent need to build an arsenal of novel antifungal agents. To surmount this issue, we tested the hypothesis that the organoselenium compound ebselen (EB) possesses antifungal efficacy in a mouse model of VVC. EB is a poorly water-soluble drug and DMSO as a vehicle has the potential to exhibit cytotoxic effects when administered in vivo. EB loaded self-nanoemulsifying preconcentrate (EB-SNEP) was developed, characterized in vitro, and tested in a mouse model of VVC. In vivo studies carried out with EB-SNEP (12.5mg/kg) showed a remarkable decrease in infection by ~562-fold compared to control (infected, untreated animals). Taken together, EB nanoemulsion proved to be an effective and promising antifungal agent.