Examination of the in vitro fungicidal activity of echinocandins against Candida lusitaniae by time-killing methods.
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2012 Dec 9;
Authors: Cantón E, Pemán J, Hervás D, Espinel-Ingroff A
OBJECTIVES: Candida lusitaniae fungaemia, although infrequent (1%), is more common in immunocompromised patients than Candida albicans. Although infections produced by Candida spp. are therapeutic targets for treatment with echinocandins, little information is available regarding their killing kinetics against C. lusitaniae. The objectives of this study were to determine the killing kinetics of anidulafungin, micafungin and caspofungin against four blood isolates of C. lusitaniae by time-kill methodology. METHODS: Time-kill studies were performed in RMPI 1640 medium (5 mL, inoculum ∼10(5) cfu/mL). The number of cfu/mL was determined at 0, 2, 4, 6 and 24 h. The anidulafungin concentrations assayed were 0.03, 0.12, 0.5, 2 and 8 mg/L, while micafungin and caspofungin concentrations were 0.25, 1, 4, 16 and 32 mg/L. RESULTS: MIC ranges were 0.03-1 mg/L (anidulafungin), 0.016-0.06 mg/L (micafungin) and 0.03-1 mg/L (caspofungin). The mean maximum log decrease in cfu/mL was reached with 2 mg/L anidulafungin (1.85 ± 0.4 log), 32 mg/L caspofungin (5.5 ± 0.2 log) and 32 mg/L micafungin (2.65 ± 1.9 log). Only caspofungin and micafungin reached the fungicidal endpoint (99.9% growth reduction or a 3 log decrease) with 32 mg/L at 22.8 h (caspofungin) and 26.5 h (micafungin). Analysis of variance showed significant differences in killing activity among isolates, but not among concentrations reached in serum or echinocandins. CONCLUSIONS: Anidulafungin and micafungin exhibit greater killing rates than caspofungin. Caspofungin was the only echinocandin that reached the fungicidal endpoint before 24 h, but at drug concentrations (≥16 mg/L) not usually reached in serum. The echinocandin killing rate was isolate dependent and concentration independent.
PMID: 23228935 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]