Environ Microbiol Rep. 2021 Apr 18. doi: 10.1111/1758-2229.12947. Online ahead of print.
In this study, we investigated the extracellular reactive sulfur species produced by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 during growth. The results showed that sulfite is the major extracellular sulfur metabolite released to the growth medium under both aerobic and anaerobic growth conditions. Exogenous sulfite at physiological concentrations protected S. oneidensis MR-1 from hydrogen peroxide toxicity and enhanced tolerance to the beta-lactam antibiotics cefazolin, meropenem, doripenem and ertapenem. These findings suggest that the release of extracellular sulfite is a bacterial defence mechanism that plays a role in the mitigation of environmental stress.