Ferulic acid reverses P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance via inhibition of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway.

Ferulic acid reverses P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance via inhibition of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway.

J Nutr Biochem. 2018 Oct 12;63:62-71

Authors: Muthusamy G, Gunaseelan S, Prasad NR

Abstract
In this study, the modulatory effect of ferulic acid on P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) was examined in KB ChR8-5 resistant cells and drug-resistant tumor xenografts. We observed that ferulic acid enhanced the cytotoxicity of doxorubicin and vincristine in the P-gp overexpressing KB ChR8-5 cells. Further, ferulic acid enhances the doxorubicin induced γH2AX foci formation and synergistically augmented doxorubicin-induced apoptotic signaling in the drug-resistant cells. It has also been noticed that NF-κB nuclear translocation was suppressed by ferulic acid and that this response might be associated with the modulation of phosphatidyinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/signaling pathway. We also found that ferulic acid and doxorubicin combination reduced the size of KB ChR8-5 tumor xenograft by threefold as compared to doxorubicin-alone treated group. Thus, ferulic acid contributes to the reversal of the MDR through suppression of P-gp expression via the inhibition of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway.

PMID: 30342318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]