Microb Drug Resist. 2021 Jul 8. doi: 10.1089/mdr.2020.0553. Online ahead of print.
This study describes the first finding of Salmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis (Salmonella Choleraesuis) isolate harboring mobile colistin resistance (mcr)-3.1 obtained from human blood sample. The clinical relevant blood sample was collected during October 2018. The phenotypic identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) were studied by using automate microbiology platform (Phoenix M50, BD), and in-depth characterization by whole genome sequencing. The phenotypic identification was reported Salmonella Choleraesuis. AST result demonstrated that this isolate had high minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) against colistin, fluoroquinolone, and cephalosporin III and IV, which are first-line antibiotic treatment choices for Gram-negative bacterial pathogen infections. This Salmonella Choleraesuis is harboring mcr-3.1 and presented a diversity carbapenemase including blaTEM and blactx-m-55. Regarding the multilocus sequence typing result, this Salmonella presented ST139 that related to the Choleraesuis variant sensu stricto. Swine is not the host specific for the Salmonella Choleraesuis since it also causes enteric and other diseases in human. Hence, the presence of the mobile plasmid colistin mcr-3.1 resistant gene in human sample is resulting to the public health concerns due to the fact that it is enable to transmit to other hosts and distribute into an environment.