Fluoroquinolone resistance among gram-negative urinary tract pathogens: global smart program results, 2009-2010.

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Fluoroquinolone resistance among gram-negative urinary tract pathogens: global smart program results, 2009-2010.

Open Microbiol J. 2012;6:74-8

Authors: Bouchillon S, Hoban DJ, Badal R, Hawser S

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rates of fluoroquinolone resistant (FQR) in gram-negative bacilli urinary tract infections (UTIs) in a global population.
METHODS: The Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends (SMART) collected 1,116 FQR gram-negative urinary pathogens from hospitalized patients in 33 countries during 2009-2010. Amikacin, ertapenem, and imipenem were the most active agents tested against FQR UTI pathogens, including extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producers.
RESULTS: FQR rates vary widely country to country with a range of 6% to 75%. Regional FQR rates were 23.5% in North America, 29.4% in Europe, 33.2% in Asia, 38.7% in Latin America, and 25.5% in the South Pacific.
CONCLUSIONS: These observations suggest that fluoroquinolones may no longer be effective as first-line therapy for gram-negative UTI in hospitalized patients.

PMID: 23002406 [PubMed]