- Antimicrobial Resistance in Nosocomial Isolates of Gram-Negative Bacteria: Public Health Implications in the Latvian Context
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the most serious threats in modern medicine which requires the constant monitoring of emerging trends amongst clinical isolates. However, very limited surveillance data is available in the Latvian context. In the present study, we conducted a retrospective analysis of microbiological data from one of the largest public multispecialty hospitals in Latvia from 2017 to 2020. AMR trends for 19 gram-negative bacterial (GNB) genera were investigated. During the...
2 July 2021 12:00:00
- Multidrug-Resistant Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing <em>Escherichia coli</em> Pathotypes in North Eastern Region of India: Backyard Small Ruminants-Human-Water Interface
A total of 648 diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) were isolated from calves (n = 219), lambs (n = 87), kids (n = 103), human (n = 193), and water (n = 46) samples. The presence of enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), and shigatoxigenic E. coli (STEC) was confirmed by PCR-based detection of the Shiga toxin, intimin, hemolysin, and enterotoxin genes. All the isolates were tested for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) by disc diffusion assay. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase...
30 June 2021 12:00:00
- Multimodal Interventions to Prevent and Control Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae and Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase Producer-Associated Infections at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Egypt
The current rise of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative Enterobacteriaceae including the extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) has been increasingly reported worldwide, posing new challenges to health care facilities. Accordingly, we evaluated the impact of multimodal infection control interventions at one of the major tertiary healthcare settings in Egypt for the aim of combating infections by the respective pathogens....
5 May 2021 12:00:00
- Daily inpatient ertapenem therapy can be an alternative to hospitalization for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections during the COVID-19 pandemic
CONCLUSIONS: In the COVID-19 pandemic period, this seems to be an effective, safe, and cost-effective way to decrease hospitalizations for cUTIs in settings where OPAT is unavailable.
17 April 2021 12:00:00
- Characterization of antimicrobial susceptibility, extended-spectrum β-lactamase genes and phylogenetic groups of Shigatoxin producing Escherichia coli isolated from patients with diarrhea in Iran
CONCLUSION: A periodical surveillance studies and thorough understanding of antibiotic resistant profiles in STEC isolates could help select effective antibiotic treatment for patients and develop strategies to effectively manage food contamination and human infections.
16 April 2021 12:00:00
- Updates on bacterial resistance and empirical antibiotics treatment of complicated acute appendicitis in children
CONCLUSION: Growing prevalence of resistant strains were observed over the decade. Piperacillin/tazobactam provided the best coverage (69.8%) against resistant bacterial strains in our patients. Early escalation of antibiotics failed to reduce postoperative complications and antibiotics duration.
13 April 2021 12:00:00
- Does Fluoroquinolones and Third-Generation Cephalosporins Restriction Reverse Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamases <em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em> Resistance Rates?
Aim: To decrease the incidence and resistance rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) by restriction of the use of third-generation cephalosporins (3GCs) and fluoroquinolones. Methods: Consumption of 3GCs, fluoroquinolones, and carbapenems in association with ertapenem and fluoroquinolone-resistant KP isolates, were analyzed in 21 months by autoregressive integrated moving average models. A follow-up analysis was performed 5 years later. Results: Consumption of...
19 March 2021 11:00:00
- A Point Prevalence Survey of Antibiotic Resistance in the Irish Environment, 2018-2019
Water bodies worldwide have proven to be vast reservoirs of clinically significant antibiotic resistant organisms. Contamination of waters by anthropogenic discharges is a significant contributor to the widespread dissemination of antibiotic resistance. The aim of this research was to investigate multiple different anthropogenic sources on a national scale for the role they play in the environmental propagation of antibiotic resistance. A total of 39 water and 25 sewage samples were collected...
11 March 2021 12:00:00
- Molecular characterization of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing <em>Escherichia coli</em> isolated from postpartum uterine infection in dairy cattle in India
CONCLUSION: This report shows a high frequency of ESBL E. coli from cattle with postpartum uterine infections. These isolates showed reduced susceptibility to common antibiotics used for the treatment of uterine infections greater affecting the therapeutic outcome.
1 March 2021 12:00:00
- The effect of prophylaxis with ertapenem versus cefuroxime/metronidazole on intestinal carriage of carbapenem-resistant or third-generation-cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacterales after colorectal surgery
CONCLUSIONS: Among ESBL-PE carriers undergoing colorectal surgery, detection of short-term postsurgical colonization by CREs and 3GCR-Es was significantly lower among patients who received ertapenem prophylaxis than those who received cephalosporin-metronidazole prophylaxis. Resistance development in a colonizing bacterial clone, rather than carbapenemase acquisition, was the major mechanism of carbapenem resistance.
15 February 2021 12:00:00
- Interventions in the management of infection in the foot in diabetes: a systematic review
The optimal approaches to managing diabetic foot infections remain a challenge for clinicians. Despite an exponential rise in publications investigating different treatment strategies, the various agents studied generally produce comparable results, and high-quality data are scarce. In this systematic review, we searched the medical literature using the PubMed and Embase databases for published studies on the treatment of diabetic foot infections as of June 2018. This systematic review is an...
17 March 2020 11:00:00
- Citrobacter koseri causing osteomyelitis in a diabetic foot with concomitant acute gouty arthritis successfully treated with ertapenem
We present an elderly diabetic man with left hallux pain and drainage who was initially diagnosed with acute gouty arthritis using the diagnostic rule for acute gout and monosodium urate crystals presented on synovial fluid analysis. Further investigation with surgical debridement, plain X-ray, MRI and wound culture revealed concomitant Citrobacter koseri septic arthritis with osteomyelitis. C. koseri is considered an opportunistic infection that rarely causes musculoskeletal infections. Acute...
29 July 2019 12:00:00
- Ertapenem for osteoarticular infections in obese patients: a pharmacokinetic study of plasma and bone concentrations
CONCLUSION: Local bone and free plasma concentrations appear adequate for osteoarticular infections where Enterobacteriaceae are the main causative pathogens, but for Staphylococcus aureus and other bacteria, conventional dosing may lead to inadequate PTA.
5 December 2018 12:00:00
- Distribution of Microbes and Drug Susceptibility in Patients with Diabetic Foot Infections in Southwest China
CONCLUSION: The distribution and types of bacteria in diabetic foot infection (DFI) patients varied with the different Wagner classification grades, courses of the ulcers, and antibiotic therapy. Multidrug resistance were increased, and the clinical treatment of DFIs should select the most suitable antibiotics based on the pathogen culture and drug susceptibility test results.
4 September 2018 12:00:00
- Antibiotic therapy of diabetic foot infections: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials
Diabetic foot infection is a common diabetic complication that may end in lower limb amputation if not treated properly. We performed this systematic review to assess the clinical efficacy of different antibiotic regimens, whether systemic or topical, in the treatment of moderate to severe diabetic foot infections. We searched Medline, Web of Science, SCOPUS, Cochrane CENTRAL, and ScienceDirect for randomized controlled trials that evaluated the efficacy of antibiotic regimens in moderate to...
13 August 2018 12:00:00
- Clinical efficacy of piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment of complicated skin and soft tissue infections
Complicated skin and soft tissue infections (cSSTIs) are skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) that involve deep soft tissue. cSSTIs often require surgical intervention and/or hospitalization. cSSTIs are associated with significant mortality and morbidity, and carry a significant burden on health care systems. Piperacillin/tazobactam has been regarded as a standard treatment for cSSTIs because of its antibiotic spectrum, safety and clinical efficacy. Several antibiotics, as compared to...
20 June 2017 12:00:00
- The underappreciated in vitro activity of tedizolid against Bacteroides fragilis species, including strains resistant to metronidazole and carbapenems
Because Bacteroides fragilis has the ability to develop mechanisms of resistance to almost all antibiotics, we studied the comparative in vitro activity of tedizolid against 124 Bacteroides group species clinical isolates, including carbapenem, metronidazole and piperacillin-tazobactam resistant strains. Tedizolid had an MIC(90) of 2 μg/ml (range, 0.5-4 μg/ml) and was 1-4 times more active than linezolid that had an MIC(90) of 8 μg/ml (range, 2-16 μg/ml). It was also active (MICs 0.5-2 μg/ml)...
8 October 2016 12:00:00
- Factors Associated With Ulcer Healing and Quality of Life in Patients With Diabetic Foot Ulcer
A prospective nonrandomized cohort study on consecutive diabetic patients with foot ulcer was undertaken to assess the factors associated with the healing process or limb salvage and evaluate the impact of their treatment on their quality of life. Quality of life was evaluated using Diabetic Foot Ulcer Scale-Short Form (DFS-SF) questionnaire before and after treatment. A total of 103 diabetic patients with ulcer (mean age 69.7 ± 9.6 years, 77% male) were treated and followed up for 12 months....
27 May 2016 12:00:00
- Ertapenem-Induced Hallucinations and Delirium in an Elderly Patient
CONCLUSION: This case report and literature review demonstrates the potential severity of non-seizure-related neurotoxicity associated with ertapenem. As this toxicity can be life-threatening if unrecognized, it is crucial that clinicians across all practice settings be proactive in detecting and preventing it.
9 April 2016 12:00:00
- Ertapenem versus piperacillin/tazobactam for diabetic foot infections in China: a Phase 3, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, non-inferiority trial
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with ertapenem was non-inferior to piperacillin/tazobactam in Chinese patients with DFIs. Ertapenem treatment resulted in a markedly lower rate of clinical resolution in severe DFIs.
19 February 2016 12:00:00