- [Results of the Program for the Rational Use of Antimicrobials in a Mexican hospital, 2013-2018Resultados de um programa para o uso racional de antimicrobianos num hospital no México, 2013-2018].
[Results of the Program for the Rational Use of Antimicrobials in a Mexican hospital, 2013-2018Resultados de um programa para o uso racional de antimicrobianos num hospital no México, 2013-2018].
Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2020;44:e45
Authors: Sosa-Hernández O, Vázquez-Zamora C, Gutiérrez-Muñoz VH, Lugo-Zamudio GE, Cureño-Díaz MA
Objective: Describe the results of the Program for the Rational Use of Antimicrobials at Mexico's Juárez Hospital.
Methods: An observational, cross-sectional, retrospective, descriptive study was designed. For the consumption of antimicrobial agents, data from January 2013 to December 2018 were analyzed by calculating the defined daily dose (DDD). For the cost analysis, a traditional costing calculation was used.
Results: For the group of carbapenem agents, there was a sizeable reduction in the consumption of imipenem / cilastatin: the DDD declined from 2.3 in 2013 to 0.7 in 2018, a decrease of 70%. By contrast, for the other two agents, increases were observed. The consumption of meropenem increased by 2% (from 2.4 in 2013 to 2.5 in 2018); the consumption of ertapenem increased by 75% (from 1 in 2013 to 1.8 in 2018). The total expenditure on antimicrobial agents was USD 930 556.46 during 2013, compared to USD 856 079.10 during 2018, representing a difference of 8% or USD 74 905.61 of the total expenditure.
Conclusions: Programs for the rational use of antimicrobials need to be evaluated continuously, by monitoring both consumption of agents by patients and related institutional expenditures.
PMID: 32973898 [PubMed]
- Current Antibiotic Resistance Trends of Uropathogens in Central Europe: Survey from a Tertiary Hospital Urology Department 2011-2019.
Current Antibiotic Resistance Trends of Uropathogens in Central Europe: Survey from a Tertiary Hospital Urology Department 2011-2019.
Antibiotics (Basel). 2020 Sep 22;9(9):
Authors: Hrbacek J, Cermak P, Zachoval R
Monitoring of pathogen resistance profiles is necessary to guide empirical antibiotic therapy before culture and sensitivity results become available. The aim of this study was to describe current antibiotic resistance patterns of five most frequent causative uropathogens in a Department of Urology of a tertiary referral centre in Central Europe over a period of nine years. The Hospital Department of Clinical Microbiology database was used to extract data on all positive urine samples from inpatients in the Department of Urology between 2011 and 2019. Numbers of susceptible and resistant isolates per year were calculated for five most frequent uropathogens: Escherichia coli, Enterococcus spp., Klebsiella spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Proteus spp. Antimicrobial agents selected for the survey included: ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, piperacillin/tazobactam; cefuroxime, cefotaxime, ceftazidime and cefepime; ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin; gentamicin and amikacin; ertapenem, meropenem and imipenem; trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (co-trimoxazole), nitrofurantoin, colistin, and vancomycin. High resistance rates of Gram-negative uropathogens were demonstrated to most common antimicrobials, with statistically significant increasing or decreasing trends in some cases. No carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae were isolated. Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. strains were rare in our population.
PMID: 32971752 [PubMed]