- Is the subcutaneous route an alternative for administering ertapenem to older patients? PHACINERTA study.
Is the subcutaneous route an alternative for administering ertapenem to older patients? PHACINERTA study.
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2019 Dec 01;74(12):3546-3554
Authors: Roubaud Baudron C, Legeron R, Ollivier J, Bonnet F, Greib C, Guerville F, Cazanave C, Kobeh D, Cressot V, Moneger N, Videau MN, Thiel E, Foucaud C, Lafargue A, de Thezy A, Durrieu J, Bourdel Marchasson I, Pinganaud G, Breilh D
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic administration by subcutaneous (SC) injection is common practice in French geriatric wards as an alternative to the intravenous (IV) route, but few pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic data are available. Ertapenem is useful for the treatment of infections with ESBL-producing enterobacteria.
OBJECTIVES: To report and compare ertapenem pharmacokinetic data between IV and SC routes in older persons.
METHODS: Patients >65 years of age receiving ertapenem (1 g once daily) for at least 48 h (IV or SC, steady-state) were prospectively enrolled. Total ertapenem concentrations [residual (C0), IV peak (C0.5) and SC peak (C2.5)] were determined by UV HPLC. Individual-predicted AUC0-24 values were calculated and population pharmacokinetic analyses were performed. Using the final model, a Monte Carlo simulation involving 10 000 patients evaluated the influence of SC or IV administration on the PTA. Tolerance to ertapenem and recovery were also monitored. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02505386.
RESULTS: Ten (mean ± SD age=87±7 years) and 16 (age=88±5 years) patients were included in the IV and SC groups, respectively. The mean C0 and C2.5 values were not significantly different between the IV and SC groups (C0=12±5.9 versus 12±7.4 mg/L, P=0.97; C2.5=97±42 versus 67±41 mg/L, P=0.99). The mean C0.5 was higher in the IV group compared with the SC group (C0.5=184±90 versus 51±66 mg/L, P=0.001). The mean individual AUCs (1126.92±334.99 mg·h/L for IV versus 1005.3±266.0 mg·h/L for SC, P=0.38) and PTAs were not significantly different between groups. No severe antibiotic-related adverse effects were noted.
CONCLUSIONS: SC administration of ertapenem is an alternative to IV administration in older patients.
PMID: 31730164 [PubMed - in process]
- In vitro synergy of β-lactam combinations against KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strains.
In vitro synergy of β-lactam combinations against KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strains.
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2019 Dec 01;74(12):3515-3520
Authors: Lawandi A, Leite G, Cheng MP, Lefebvre B, Longtin J, Lee TC
BACKGROUND: Double carbapenem therapy has been promoted as an alternative treatment for infections due to carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae where carbapenemase inhibitors are unavailable or when other agents have demonstrated toxicity with equally limited evidence. The capacity of other β-lactams and β-lactamase inhibitors to provide synergistic activity with carbapenems is unclear.
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the in vitro synergistic potential of other β-lactam/β-lactamase combinations with meropenem against KPC producers.
METHODS: Time-kill assays were performed on 24 unique strains of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae. Combinations evaluated included meropenem or imipenem with one of the following: ertapenem, piperacillin/tazobactam or ceftolozane/tazobactam. Concentrations used for each drug were those considered physiologically attainable in patients with a time above the concentration exceeding 40%-50% of the dose interval. Combinations were considered to be synergistic when they reduced bacterial cfu/mL by ≥2 log10 at 24 h as compared with the single most active agent.
RESULTS: The combination of piperacillin/tazobactam with meropenem was found to be synergistic against 70.8% of the isolates, followed by ertapenem with meropenem (58.3%) and ceftolozane/tazobactam with meropenem (41.7%). The piperacillin/tazobactam combination was found to be more bactericidal than the other combinations, with 58.3% of isolates demonstrating a ≥4 log10 cfu/mL reduction at 24 h, as compared with 37.5% for ertapenem and 20.8% for ceftolozane/tazobactam combinations.
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of piperacillin/tazobactam with meropenem may be a potential therapy against KPC-producing K. pneumoniae when other therapies are unavailable or prohibitively toxic.
PMID: 31730163 [PubMed - in process]