- Molecular packing of pharmaceuticals analyzed with paramagnetic relaxation enhancement and ultrafast magic angle pinning NMR.
Molecular packing of pharmaceuticals analyzed with paramagnetic relaxation enhancement and ultrafast magic angle pinning NMR.
Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2020 Jun 04;:
Authors: Lu X, Tsutsumi Y, Huang C, Xu W, Byrn SR, Templeton AC, Buevich AV, Amoureux JP, Su Y
Understanding the relationship between the structure and the physicochemical attributes of crystalline pharmaceuticals requires high-resolution molecular details. Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) spectroscopy is an indispensable tool for analyzing molecular structures, but often experiences challenges of low spectral resolution and sensitivity, particularly in the characterization of unlabeled pharmaceutical materials. Besides, the relatively long spin-lattice relaxation times in pharmaceutical crystals result in time-consuming data collections. In this study, we utilize ultrafast magic angle spinning (UF-MAS) of the sample at 60 and 110 kHz to enable proton and fluorine spectroscopies for probing the structural details of crystalline posaconazole. Paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE), obtained by doping Cu(ii) ions into the crystalline lattice and coating on particle surface, is implemented to shorten the spin-lattice relaxation time for speeding up the ssNMR acquisition. Our results demonstrate a remarkably improved 1H and 19F resolution and sensitivity, which enables multi-dimensional 1H-1H and heteronuclear 1H-19F correlations. In combination with density functional theory (DFT) calculations of chemical shifts, molecular details of posaconazole are established in terms of 1H and 19F networks for identifying "head-to-tail" and "head-to-head" intermolecular packings, with presumably critical contacts that stabilize the crystalline structure. The PRE and UF-MAS techniques enable the high-resolution structure characterization of fluorinated drug molecules in pharmaceutical formulations at natural abundance.
PMID: 32495810 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]