Microb Drug Resist. 2021 Mar 31. doi: 10.1089/mdr.2020.0274. Online ahead of print.
Aim: The aim of this study was to identify antimicrobial resistance genes, virulence factor genes, and porin loss or mutations exhibited by the multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strain. Materials and Methods: Whole-genome sequencing was done via the Illumina NovaSeq 6000 platform. Strain identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing of strains were performed by the Vitek 2 automated system. Multilocus sequence typing analysis was carried out using seven conserved housekeeping genes. Results: The strain was resistant to penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, fosfomycin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. The isolate was found to carry KPC-3, CTX-M-27, SHV-11, SHV-67, and TEM-1 β-lactamases. The clonal subtype of the isolate was ST147, and it possessed wzi64 and wzc38 alleles. Fifteen different point mutations (N49S, L59V, R146H, V178P, G189T, F198Y, V202L, F207Y, A217S, T222L, D223G, H235N, A280V, N304E, and S346N) were detected in the OmpK36 porin. A frame shift was observed in OmpK35 and two different point mutations (I70M and I128M) were found in the OmpK37 porin, in addition to seven mutations observed on the AcrR. Conclusions: This study demonstrated for the first time that the ST147 clone produced CTX-M-27 as well as KPC-3. In addition, new mutations were detected in the outer membrane proteins. These mutations together with the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamase and carbapenemase were found to contribute to the resistance of the ST147 clone to carbapenem and other antibiotics.