2021 Aug 12. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan–.
Candidemia is defined as the presence of Candida species in the blood. It is the most common fungal bloodstream infection in hospitalized patients. Mortality is very high. It reaches almost 50% in some studies. Although Candida albicans is still the most common Candida species causing candidemia, in recent years there has been an increase in nonalbicans Candida species, which may represent a therapeutic challenge given the different antibiotic susceptibility profile of different Candida species. This new trend is likely caused by the process of natural selection of resistant species to the most common antifungals used.