Gain-of-function STAT1 mutations impair STAT3 activity in patients with Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis (CMC).
Eur J Immunol. 2015 Aug 10;
Authors: Zheng J, Veerdonk FL, Crossland KL, Smeekens SP, Chan CM, Shehri TA, Abinun M, Gennery AR, Mann J, Lendrem DW, Netea MG, Rowan AD, Lilic D
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-triggered production of Th-17 cytokines mediates protective immunity against fungi. Mutations affecting the STAT3/STAT3-17 pathway cause selective susceptibility to fungal (Candida) infections, a hallmark of Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis (CMC). In patients with autosomal-dominant (AD)-CMC we and others previously reported defective Th17 responses and underlying gain-of-function (GOF) STAT1 mutations, but how this affects STAT3 function leading to decreased IL-17 is unclear. In patients with AD-CMC, we assessed how GOF-STAT1 mutations affect STAT3 activation, DNA-binding, gene expression, cytokine production and epigenetic modifications. We excluded impaired STAT3 phosphorylation, nuclear translocation and sequestration of STAT3 into STAT1/STAT1 heterodimers and confirm significantly reduced transcription of STAT3-inducible genes (RORC/RORC-17/IL-22/IL-10/c-Fos/SOCS3/c-Myc) as likely underlying mechanism. STAT binding to the high affinity sis-inducible element was intact but binding to an endogenous STAT3 DNA target was impaired. Reduced STAT3-dependent gene transcription was reversed by inhibiting STAT1 activation with fludarabine or enhancing histone, but not STAT1 or STAT3 acetylation with histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors trichostatin A or ITF2357. Silencing HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3 indicated a role for HDAC1 and 2. Reduced STAT3-dependent gene transcription underlies low Th-17 responses in GOF-STAT1 CMC which can be reversed by inhibiting acetylation, offering novel targets for future therapies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
PMID: 26255980 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]