Gastrin induces multidrug resistance via the degradation of p27Kip1 in the gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901.

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Gastrin induces multidrug resistance via the degradation of p27Kip1 in the gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901.

Int J Oncol. 2017 May 04;:

Authors: Zhuang K, Zhang L, Zhang X, Tang H, Zhang J, Yan Y, Han K, Guo H

Abstract
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the major reasons for the failure of chemotherapy-based gastric carcinoma (GC) treatments, hence, biologically based therapies are urgently needed. Gastrin (GAS), a key gastrointestinal (GI) hormone, was found to be involved in tumor formation, progression, and metastasis. In this study, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemical staining analysis revealed a high level of expression of GAS in drug-insensitive GC tissues (P<0.01) and similar results were revealed in GC cell lines SGC7901 and its multidrug-resistant variants SGC7901/VCR and SGC7901/ADR. We constructed a eukaryotic expression vector pCDNA3.1(+)/GAS for GAS overexpression and recombinant lentiviral vectors for specific siRNA (siGAS). Transfection of pCDNA3.1(+)/GAS increased (P<0.05) while transfection of siGAS (P<0.05) and co-treated with paclitaxel (TAX) and vincristine (VCR) combination (TAX-VCR) decreased (P<0.01) the cell viability of SGC7901, SGC7901/VCR and SGC7901/ADR. Apoptosis rates of SGC7901/VCR and SGC7901/ADR were reduced by pCDNA3.1(+)/GAS and increased by siGAS (P<0.05). The apoptosis rates of SGC7901/VCR, SGC7901/ADR and SGC7901 were all upregulated (P<0.01) when cells were co-treated with a combination of siGAS and TAX-VCR. Additionally, siGAS significantly downregulated the expression of Bcl-2 and multidrug-resistant associate protein (MRP1) and P-glycoprotein (Pgp) (P<0.05) in SGC7901/VCR and SGC7901/ADR cells. Moreover, GAS overexpression in SGC7901 cells significantly inhibited p27Kip1 expression but increased phosphorylation levels of p27Kip1 on Thr (187) and Ser (10) sites (P<0.05), as well as increasing nuclear accumulation of S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (Skp2) and cytoplasmic accumulation of the Kip1 ubiquitination-promoting complex (KPC) (P<0.05). Silencing of Skp2 blocked the promoting effects of pCDNA3.1(+)/GAS on viability, the expression of MRP1 and Pgp and the inhibitory effects of pCDNA3.1(+)/GAS on apoptosis. In conclusion, we suggest that GAS contributes to the emergence of MDR of SGC7901 cells via the degradation of p27Kip1.

PMID: 28498440 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]