Gastrin induces multidrug resistance via the degradation of p27Kip1 in the gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901.

Related Articles

Gastrin induces multidrug resistance via the degradation of p27Kip1 in the gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901.

Int J Oncol. 2017 May 04;:

Authors: Zhuang K, Zhang L, Zhang X, Tang H, Zhang J, Yan Y, Han K, Guo H

Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the major reasons for the failure of chemotherapy-based gastric carcinoma (GC) treatments, hence, biologically based therapies are urgently needed. Gastrin (GAS), a key gastrointestinal (GI) hormone, was found to be involved in tumor formation, progression, and metastasis. In this study, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemical staining analysis revealed a high level of expression of GAS in drug-insensitive GC tissues (P<0.01) and similar results were revealed in GC cell lines SGC7901 and its multidrug-resistant variants SGC7901/VCR and SGC7901/ADR. We constructed a eukaryotic expression vector pCDNA3.1(+)/GAS for GAS overexpression and recombinant lentiviral vectors for specific siRNA (siGAS). Transfection of pCDNA3.1(+)/GAS increased (P<0.05) while transfection of siGAS (P<0.05) and co-treated with paclitaxel (TAX) and vincristine (VCR) combination (TAX-VCR) decreased (P<0.01) the cell viability of SGC7901, SGC7901/VCR and SGC7901/ADR. Apoptosis rates of SGC7901/VCR and SGC7901/ADR were reduced by pCDNA3.1(+)/GAS and increased by siGAS (P<0.05). The apoptosis rates of SGC7901/VCR, SGC7901/ADR and SGC7901 were all upregulated (P<0.01) when cells were co-treated with a combination of siGAS and TAX-VCR. Additionally, siGAS significantly downregulated the expression of Bcl-2 and multidrug-resistant associate protein (MRP1) and P-glycoprotein (Pgp) (P<0.05) in SGC7901/VCR and SGC7901/ADR cells. Moreover, GAS overexpression in SGC7901 cells significantly inhibited p27Kip1 expression but increased phosphorylation levels of p27Kip1 on Thr (187) and Ser (10) sites (P<0.05), as well as increasing nuclear accumulation of S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (Skp2) and cytoplasmic accumulation of the Kip1 ubiquitination-promoting complex (KPC) (P<0.05). Silencing of Skp2 blocked the promoting effects of pCDNA3.1(+)/GAS on viability, the expression of MRP1 and Pgp and the inhibitory effects of pCDNA3.1(+)/GAS on apoptosis. In conclusion, we suggest that GAS contributes to the emergence of MDR of SGC7901 cells via the degradation of p27Kip1.

PMID: 28498440 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]