Genetic characterization and virulence of a carbapenem-resistant Raoultella ornithinolytica isolated from well water carrying a novel megaplasmid containing blaNDM-1.

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Genetic characterization and virulence of a carbapenem-resistant Raoultella ornithinolytica isolated from well water carrying a novel megaplasmid containing blaNDM-1.

Environ Pollut. 2020 Jan 22;260:114041

Authors: Zou H, Berglund B, Xu H, Chi X, Zhao Q, Zhou Z, Xia H, Li X, Zheng B

Abstract
Infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae are a growing concern worldwide. Raoultella ornithinolytica is a species in the Enterobacteriaceae family which can cause hospital-acquired infections and is sporadically reported as carbapenem-resistant from human and environmental sources. In this study, we firstly report on an NDM-1-producing R. ornithinolytica, Rao166, isolated from drinking water in an animal cultivation area in China. In addition to carbapenem-resistance, Rao166 was resistant to several other antibiotics including gentamicin, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, tetracycline and fosfomycin. Rao166 carried a novel IncFIC-type megaplasmid, 382,325 bp in length (pRAO166a). A multidrug resistance region, 60,600 bp in length, was identified in the plasmid containing an aac(3)-IId-like gene, aac(6')-Ib-cr, blaDHA-1, blaTEM-1B, blaCTX-M-3, blaOXA-1, blaNDM-1, qnrB4, catB3, arr-3, sul1, and tet(D). Results from virulence assays implied that Rao166 has considerable pathogenic potential. Although pRAO166a was found to be non-transmissible, dissemination of the NDM-1 producing strain may occur from well water to humans or animals through cross-contamination during food preparation or directly via drinking water, and potentially lead to difficult-to-treat infections. Thus, contamination of well water by this carbapenem-resistant and presumptively virulent strain of R. ornithinolytica should be considered a potential public health risk.

PMID: 32006889 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]