Genetic Characterization of Second-Line Drug-Resistant and Extensively Drug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis from the Northern Region of India.

Genetic Characterization of Second-Line Drug-Resistant and Extensively Drug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis from the Northern Region of India.

J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2018 Dec;8(3-4):220-224

Authors: Yadav R, Saini A, Mankotia J, Khaneja R, Agarwal P, Sethi S

Abstract
Rapid detection of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is important for the successful treatment of tuberculosis. Fluoroquinolone and aminoglycoside resistance detection by molecular methods becomes more complex due to cross resistance among them. Thus, we aimed to determine cross-resistance and mutations in resistance genes for these drugs. A total of 336 multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases received in Mycobacteriology laboratory were screened for phenotypic drug sensitivity testing for second-line drugs, i.e., ofloxacin, amikacin, kanamycin, and capreomycin. Molecular characterization of resistance was done by DNA sequencing of gyrA gene for fluoroquinolones (FQ), and multiplex allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of rrs gene for aminoglycosides. Of 336 MDR-TB isolates, 12 were extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis and 219 were sensitive to all the drugs tested. Ofloxacin, amikacin, kanamycin, and capreomycin resistance was detected in 101 (30.1%), 23 (6.8%), 27 (8.1%), and 19 (5.6%) cases, respectively. Eight different mutations were detected in gyrA gene in ofloxacin-resistant isolates and A1401G nucleotide change in rrs gene were seen in 55.6% (15/27), 65.2% (15/23), and 68.4% (13/29) for kanamycin-, amikacin-, and capreomycin-resistant isolates, respectively. Information on second-line drug resistance-associated mutations could potentially be used for development of newer rapid diagnostic tests.

PMID: 30864767 [PubMed - in process]