Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Jun 7;22(11):6127. doi: 10.3390/ijms22116127.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether polymorphisms in five microRNAs (miRNAs), miR-604A>G, miR-608C>G, 631I/D, miR-938G>A, and miR-1302-3C>T, are associated with the risk of idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Blood samples were collected from 388 patients with idiopathic RPL (at least two consecutive spontaneous abortions) and 227 control participants. We found the miR-604 AG and AG + GG genotypes of miR-604, the miR-938 GA and GA + AA genotypes of miR-938, and the miR-1302-3CT and CT + TT genotypes of miR-1302-3 are less frequent than the wild-type (WT) genotypes, miR-604AA, miR-938GG, and miR-1302-3CC, respectively, in RPL patients. Using allele-combination multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) analysis, we found that eight haplotypes conferred by the miR-604/miR-608/miR-631/miR-938/miR-1302-3 allele combination, A-C-I-G-T, A-C-I-A-C, G-C-I-G-C, G-C-I-G-T, G-G-I-G-C, G-G-I-G-T, G-G-I-A-C, G-G-D-G-C, three from the miR-604/miR-631/miR-938/miR-1302-3 allele combination, A-I-G-T, G-I-G-C, G-I-A-T, one from the miR-604/miR-631/miR-1302-3 allele combination, G-I-C, and two from the miR-604/miR-1302-3 allele combination, G-C and G-T, were less frequent in RPL patients, suggesting protective effects (all p < 0.05). We also identified the miR-604A>G and miR-938G>A polymorphisms within the seed sequence of the mature miRNAs and aligned the seed sequences with the 3'UTR of putative target genes, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR), respectively. We further found that the binding affinities between miR-604/miR-938 and the 3'UTR of their respective target genes (MTHFR, GnRHR) were significantly different for the common (miR-604A, miR-938G) and variant alleles (miR-604G, miR-938A). These results reveal a significant association between the miR-604A>G and miR-938G>A polymorphisms and idiopathic RPL and suggest that miRNAs can affect RPL in Korean women.