Genomic analysis revealed a novel genotype of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus isolated from a fatal sepsis case in dengue patient

Sci Rep. 2021 Mar 1;11(1):4228. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-83661-8.

ABSTRACT

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is an opportunistic pathogen capable of causing serious health implications in susceptible individuals once it invades the host's protective barriers. Methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) often receives lesser attention although it has been frequently associated with serious infections in human. We aim to investigate the genomic features of a highly virulent yet pan susceptible MSSA strain (coded as HS-MSSA) which caused concurrent bacteraemia in a dengue patient, ultimately resulted in sepsis death of the patient. Whole genome sequence analysis was performed. The draft genome of HS-MSSA is approximately 2.78 Mb (GC content = 32.7%) comprising of 2637 predicted coding sequences. In silico genotyping of the HS-MSSA strain revealed a novel combined genotype (t091/ST2990). The HS-MSSA carries a SaPIn1-like pathogenicity island that harbours the staphylococcal enterotoxin and enterotoxin-like genes (sec3 and selL). The strain-specific β-lactamase (blaZ)-bearing plasmid region was identified in HS-MSSA. Core genome phylogeny showed that the HS-MSSA strain shared a common ancestry with the European MRSA clone. We report herein the genomic features of an MSSA lineage with novel genotype previously not reported elsewhere.

PMID:33649330 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-021-83661-8