Infect Drug Resist. 2021 Jun 28;14:2437-2447. doi: 10.2147/IDR.S316963. eCollection 2021.
PURPOSE: Colistin is one of the last-resort antimicrobial agents that combat the increasing threat of multi-drug resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria. Based on the known mechanism of colistin resistance which contributes to chromosomal mutations involved in the synthesis and modification of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we explored the regulatory genes mediate colistin resistance, by whole genome sequencing and transcriptome analysis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, a colistin-resistant (Colr) strain Escherichia coli ATCC 25922-R was generated from colistin-sensible (Cols) strain E. coli ATCC 25922 by colistin induction. We compared the genome and transcriptome sequencing result from Cols and Colr strain. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry was used to detect LPS.
RESULTS: Genomic analysis and complementation experiment demonstrated the PmrB amino acid substitution in ATCC 25922-R (L14R) conferred the colistin resistance phenotype. Results of RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) and comparative transcriptome analysis indicated that the two-component system EvgS/EvgA is highly involved in the global regulation of colistin resistance.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that PmrB L14R amino acid substitution resulted in colistin resistance, and two-component system EvgS/EvgA might participate in colistin resistance in E. coli.