Genomic insights into multidrug-resistant and hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae co-harboring metal resistance genes in aquatic environments.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020 Jun 01;201:110782
Authors: Furlan JPR, Savazzi EA, Stehling EG
Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the most important pathogens related to hospital-acquired infections. The incidence of infections by hypervirulent K. pneumoniae (hvKp), especially community-acquired infections, has been increasing in recent decades. The occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) hvKp has been increasingly reported worldwide decreasing the treatment options, which is a concern. Aquatic environments have been considered a reservoir of MDR pathogens, which contribute to the spread of MDR pathogens. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize MDR-hvKp strains obtained from public aquatic environments using whole genome sequencing in Brazil. Resistome analysis showed ARGs to β-lactams, quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides, and fosfomycin as well as several metal resistance genes. Virulome analysis showed several virulence genes. Besides, genomic islands, CRISPR and prophage-related sequences were also detected. MLST analysis revealed the presence of two novel sequences types (STs) belonging to different clonal complexes (CCs) [ST4415 (CC515) and ST4416 (CC2654)], and one already described [ST661 (CC661)]. The presence of MDR-hvKp lineages in water sources belonging to STs and CCs associated with humans and animals shows the ability of these pathogens to spread to different aquatic environments. This study reports for the first time two novel STs of MDR-hvKp as well as the presence of a rare ST661 closely related to outbreaks in aquatic environments, and contributes to surveillance studies and MDR-hvKp monitoring worldwide.
PMID: 32497817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]