Graphene oxide as an efficient antimicrobial nanomaterial for eradicating multi-drug resistant bacteria in vitro and in vivo.

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Graphene oxide as an efficient antimicrobial nanomaterial for eradicating multi-drug resistant bacteria in vitro and in vivo.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2017 May 17;157:1-9

Authors: Wu X, Tan S, Xing Y, Pu Q, Wu M, Zhao JX

Abstract
Graphene is a novel two-dimensional nanomaterial with a growing number of practical applications across numerous fields. In this work, we explored potential biomedical applications of graphene oxide (GO) by systematically studying antibacterial capacity of GO in both macrophages and animal models. Three types of bacteria, including Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp), Escherichia coli (E. coli) and P. aeruginosa (Pa) were used for in vitro study. Kp was also selected as a representative multidrug resistant (MDR) bacterium for in vivo study. In in vitro study, GO effectively eradicated Kp in agar dishes and thus protected alveolar macrophages (AM) from Kp infection in the culture. In the in vivo evaluation, GO were introduced intranasally into mouse lungs followed by testing organ tissue damage including lung, liver, spleen, and kidneys, polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) penetration, bacterial dissemination, and mortality in Kp-infected mice. We found that GO can prohibit the growth and spread of Kp both in vitro and in vivo, resulting in significantly increased cell survival rate, less tissue injury, subdued inflammatory response, and prolonged mice survival. These findings indicate that GO could be a promising biomaterial for effectively controlling MDR pathogens.

PMID: 28554055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]