Microsc Res Tech. 2021 Apr 21. doi: 10.1002/jemt.23780. Online ahead of print.
Characterization of bio-synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Periploca hydaspidis (PHAgNPs) whole plant extract for the first time via UV-Visible spectroscopy, XRD, FTIR, DLS, and SEM analysis techniques was done. A rich variety of phytochemicals in P. hydaspidis aqueous extract (PHA) functioned as possible reducing and capping agents for AgNPs synthesis. In vitro antioxidant activities (DPPH, Iron chelating, Hydroxyl ion, Nitric oxide, and β-carotene bleaching assays) of PHAgNPs revealed least IC50 values especially in hydroxyl ion (39.08 ± 0.88 μg/mL) and nitric oxide (37.53 ± 2.24 μg/mL) scavenging assays relative to standard controls (ascorbic acid, rutin, and gallic acid) and PHA. In addition, visible inhibition zone diameters were formed around discs against all pathogenic microbial strains including multi-drug resistant strains (MDR's). MIC and MBC/MFC were depicted least in PHAgNPs with maximum bactericidal/fungicidal effects. MTT assay displayed a significant antiproliferative potential of PHAgNPs against HCCLM3, MCF-7, MDA-MB 231, and HEPG2 cancer cell lines, where least IC50 values were recorded against HEPG2 (12.97 ± 0.04 μg/mL) and MCF-7 (5.73 ± 0.22 μg/mL). Furthermore, PHAgNPs considerably (p > 0.001) prevented the migration of MCF-7 cancer cells in vitro whereas in in vivo wound healing assay, faster skin regeneration, and epithelization in wound biopsies was observed via histological analysis. PHAgNPs treated group rats significantly increased (p < 0.05) the wound contraction rate, hydroxyproline content and hemostatic potential compared to control and PHA-treated groups.