Transplant Cell Ther. 2021 May;27(5):359-362. doi: 10.1016/j.jtct.2021.01.024.
As an alternative stem cell source, cord blood (CB) has many advantages. However, delayed engraftment, lack of transferred immunity, and a significant incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease renders CB transplant (CBT) recipients at high risk of infectious complications. This guidance written by CBT and infectious disease experts outlines evidence-based recommendations for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in adult patients undergoing CBT. Topics addressed include bacterial, fungal, viral, pneumocystis jirovcii and toxoplasmosis prophylaxis, suggested PCR monitoring for viruses, therapy for the most commonly encountered infections after CBT. We review key concepts including the recent important role of letermovir in the prevention of CMV reactivation. In instances where there is a paucity of data, practice recommendations are provided, including the duration of antimicrobial prophylaxis.