Harmaline and hispidin from Peganum harmala and Inonotus hispidus with binding affinity to Candida rugosa lipase: In silico and in vitro studies.

Harmaline and hispidin from Peganum harmala and Inonotus hispidus with binding affinity to Candida rugosa lipase: In silico and in vitro studies.

Bioorg Chem. 2015 Jun 29;62:1-7

Authors: Benarous K, Bombarda I, Iriepa I, Moraleda I, Gaetan H, Linani A, Tahri D, Sebaa M, Yousfi M

Abstract
The inhibitory effect of phenolic compounds and alkaloids of Inonotus hispidus and Peganum harmala on Candida rugosa lipase was investigated, also, their antioxidant activities using DPPH, ABTS and phosphomolybdenum were studied in this paper. The phenolic extracts have shown a stronger antiradical activity than the alkaloids extracts. The enzymatic inhibition produced by these extracts is described here for the first time. The results have shown that the phenolic and the alkaloid extracts are good inhibitors of C. rugosa lipase. Thus, the inhibitor molecules (harmaline and hispidin) have been isolated from P. harmala and I. hispidus. Their structures were elucidated by (1)H NMR analysis. Molecular docking has been achieved using AutoDock Vina program to discuss the nature of interactions and the mechanism of inhibition. Therefore, these isolated molecules could be used in the treatment of candidiasis.

PMID: 26151548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]