Health-Related Quality of Life in Tuberculosis Patients in Eritrea: Comparison Among Drug-Susceptible and Rifampicin/Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients

Patient Relat Outcome Meas. 2021 Jun 29;12:205-212. doi: 10.2147/PROM.S316337. eCollection 2021.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite the negative impact of tuberculosis (TB) on patients' quality of life, TB control programs focus on biological and clinical parameters to manage and monitor TB patients. In our setting, patients' perception of their experience with TB and the impacts of TB on patients' physical, mental, and social wellbeing remain unknown.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among rifampicin/multidrug-resistant TB (RR/MDR-TB) in comparison to drug-susceptible TB (DS-TB) patients in Eritrea.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in RR/MDR-TB and DS-TB patients under treatment. Anonymized data collected using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire were analyzed using SPSS version 23. Frequency, mean and standard deviation were used to describe the data. Mean group score comparison and relationship between variables were assessed using t-test. Domain score was calculated with a mean score of items within each domain and scaled positively, a higher (increasing) score denoting a higher quality of life. Internal consistency was measured using Cronbach's alpha and statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.

RESULTS: A total of 92 patients (46 RR/MDR-TB and 46 DS-TB) participated in the study. Environmental (40.63 ± 10.72) and physical domains (61.80 ±17.18) were the two most affected domains in RR/MDR-TB and DS-TB patients, respectively. The psychological domain was the least affected domain in RR/MDR-TB (48.28 ± 20.83) and DS-TB patients (76.63 ±15.32). RR/MDR-TB patients had statistically lower mean scores in all domains than DS-TB patients.

CONCLUSION: HRQOL was impaired in both groups, but RR/MDR-TB patients had a worse health-related quality of life.

PMID:34234605 | PMC:PMC8254609 | DOI:10.2147/PROM.S316337