Healthcare-associated infection prevention and control management in a tertiary hospital and an overall evaluation

Ann Palliat Med. 2020 Jul 14:apm-20-65. doi: 10.21037/apm-20-65. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is a crucial factor influencing medical quality. Studies about HAI management situations are rare, especially for the Inner Mongolia region of China. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate management procedures and the overall evaluation of HAI in order to inform HAI management improvement more scientifically.

METHODS: A questionnaire was used to investigate HAI-related prevention and control indicators in tertiary hospitals in the Inner Mongolia region from July 2018 to June 2019.

RESULTS: The survey showed that the mean incidence rate of HAI was 3.79%. The mean rate of hand hygiene compliance of healthcare workers (HCWs), inpatient's antibiotics-use rate, and the detection of the antibiotic ratio before therapy was 54.34%, 34.33%, and 25.40%, respectively. The mean of the surgical site infection (SSI) rate of the level I incision and the preventive antibiotics-use ratio of the level I incision was 1.31% and 28.89%, respectively. The mean of the multi-drug resistant organism (MDRO) infection rate was 0.40% and the mean of the MDRO detection rate was 18.55%. The mean of the central line-associated bloodstream infection rate was 2.24%, the ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rate was 11.17%, and the catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) rate was 1.95‰. As for the overall evaluation, 19 (35.85%) hospitals had a bad grade, 18 (33.96%) hospitals had a medium grade, and 16 (30.19%) hospitals had a good grade.

CONCLUSIONS: The incidence rate of HAI in tertiary hospitals in the Inner Mongolia region is higher than the national level. Also, the overall evaluation of bad-grade hospitals and their deficiencies should be used as an example to improve the HAI management level.

PMID:32692198 | DOI:10.21037/apm-20-65